Online from: 1988
|Title:||Towards the development of a standard in emergency planning|
|Journal:||Disaster Prevention and Management, 2005, Volume: 14 Issue: 2 pp.158-175 (18 pages)|
|Keywords:||Disasters, Emergency Measures, Standards|
|Article type:||Conceptual paper|
|Reference:||34AU095 (Permanent URL)|
Design/methodology/approach - Considers some definitions of the term 'standard' and discusses the utility of the concept with respect to emergency planning. The subsequent analysis is based on the application of logical and observational criteria to the process of systematically building a framework on which to base a planning standard.
Findings - Enumerates 18 principles that can be used to judge the quality of emergency plans. The principles are treated as basic criteria to be used when formulating a standard. Reviews existing standards in civil protection, risk management, emergency preparedness and humanitarian relief. Gives a brief discussion of the consultative process used in preparing an instrument for measuring quality, and presents a draft standard for an emergency plan, broadly focused on the local authority level and on the generic, 'all-hazards' approach. Describes a category-based methodology for applying the standard.
Research limitations/implications - Standards may be viewed as unnecessarily restrictive and overly prescriptive. However, they can instead be regarded as a useful means of helping to guarantee the quality, content and relevance of plans.
Practical implications - The application of a standard to the emergency planning process will help to make plans more functional and relevant and will ensure that their content is adequate for the task of predisposing resources during emergencies. It will also guarantee compatibility between plans made for different purposes or jurisdictions.
Originality/value - As few model standards exist in emergency management and planning, this paper offers one of the first attempts to provide a set of generic, comprehensive guidelines for the process of creating, testing, using and revising plans.