Series editor(s): Stephen Ison and Jon Shaw
Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment
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|Title:||Reducing Car Use in Urban Areas|
|Author(s):||Roger L. Mackett|
|Volume:||3 Editor(s): Roger L. Mackett, Anthony D. May, Masanobu Kii, Haixiao Pan ISBN: 978-1-78190-475-6 eISBN: 978-1-78190-476-3|
|Citation:||Roger L. Mackett (2012), Reducing Car Use in Urban Areas, in Roger L. Mackett, Anthony D. May, Masanobu Kii, Haixiao Pan (ed.) Sustainable Transport for Chinese Cities (Transport and Sustainability, Volume 3), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.211-230|
|DOI:||10.1108/S2044-9941(2012)0000003012 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Article type:||Chapter Item|
Purpose – In this chapter, issues involved in trying to reduce car use in urban areas are examined, drawing on experience in Britain, and the possible lessons for China are considered.
Methodology – The advantages and disadvantages of the car are considered to explain the growth in car use in Britain. The political difficulties of reducing urban car use are discussed. A variety of methods of reducing car use by changing travel behaviour are described, including charging for the use of the road, fuel pricing, control of car parking and alternative methods of accessing the car such as car clubs and car sharing. The evidence on the effectiveness of measures to reduce car use is examined. The potential for reducing car use in China is then considered.
Findings – Most of the initiatives for reducing car use in Britain have focused on reducing congestion rather than actually reducing car use. The largest initiative to do this has been the London Congestion Charging scheme; this was successful, unlike proposals for some other cities, for a variety of reasons. However, while there have been many initiatives in Britain, there is little systematic evidence of their effectiveness.
Practical implications – The chapter discusses some of the political difficulties involved in trying to reduce car use and then illustrates these, particularly for congestion charging using the example of London.
Value of the chapter – The main value of this chapter is to illustrate the range of possible approaches to reducing car use, drawing upon evidence from various cities showing some of the ways of overcoming the barriers to implementation.
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