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Book cover: Research on Managing Groups and Teams

Research on Managing Groups and Teams

ISSN: 1534-0856
Series editor(s): Professor Eduardo Salas

Subject Area: Human Resource Management

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Managing Perceptions of Ethical Behavior in Evaluative Groups: The Implications for Diversity in Organizations


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Title:Managing Perceptions of Ethical Behavior in Evaluative Groups: The Implications for Diversity in Organizations
Author(s):Denise Lewin Loyd, Katherine W. Phillips
Volume:8 Editor(s): Ann E. Tenbrunsel ISBN: 978-0-76231-300-6 eISBN: 978-1-84950-405-8
Citation:Denise Lewin Loyd, Katherine W. Phillips (2006), Managing Perceptions of Ethical Behavior in Evaluative Groups: The Implications for Diversity in Organizations, in Ann E. Tenbrunsel (ed.) Ethics in Groups (Research on Managing Groups and Teams, Volume 8), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.225-245
DOI:10.1016/S1534-0856(06)08011-X (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Article type:Chapter Item
Abstract:Evaluations play an important role in an organization's efforts to increase diversity. In this chapter we discuss two common evaluation biases – out-group discrimination and in-group favoritism – that are particularly relevant for concerns of increasing diversity. We examine the ethical implications of these biases, as well as the reasons individuals attempt to avoid displaying them. Some research has considered the adjustments individuals make to avoid the appearance of out-group discrimination (Carver, Glass, & Katz, 1978; Gaertner & Dovidio, 1986); however, little research has considered the adjustments individuals may make to avoid the appearance of in-group favoritism. We discuss two critical factors that may impact when the latter adjustment is more likely to occur: the relative size and status of subgroups. Paradoxically, these adjustments may negatively impact organizational efforts to increase the diversity of their work force. We discuss the implications for evaluation processes (e.g., hiring, firing, promotion) in organizations.

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