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Book cover: Contributions to Conflict Management, Peace Economics and Development

Contributions to Conflict Management, Peace Economics and Development

ISSN: 1572-8323
Series editor(s): Professor Manas Chatterji

Subject Area: Sociology and Public Policy

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South Korean experiences in peacekeeping and plan for the future

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Title:South Korean experiences in peacekeeping and plan for the future
Author(s):Kyudok Hong
Volume:12 Editor(s): Giuseppe Caforio ISBN: 978-1-84855-890-8 eISBN: 978-1-84855-891-5
Citation:Kyudok Hong (2009), South Korean experiences in peacekeeping and plan for the future, in Giuseppe Caforio (ed.) Advances in Military Sociology: Essays in Honor of Charles C. Moskos (Contributions to Conflict Management, Peace Economics and Development, Volume 12), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.173-187
DOI:10.1108/S1572-8323(2009)000012A016 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Article type:Chapter Item
Abstract:This study attempts to introduce South Korea's unique experiences of civic operations made in Iraq and Lebanon. Koreans approached it with extreme caution since they are seeing through two different lenses: “paying back syndrome” from the Korean War experiences is colliding with the “Vietnam syndrome” from the experiences of Vietnam War. Expanding its regional role through revitalizing PKOs is not an easy job for the ROK government despite the fact that President Lee has committed himself to increase its efforts since his campaign days. South Korea recently decided to send its KDX-II type destroyer to Somalia for joining the maritime peacekeeping while people in Korea strongly suspect that the Obama administration would soon request to send its troops to Afghanistan as a part of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). As the Korean society is getting democratized, progressive NGOs have been opposing the government decision to send forces to assist the U.S. war efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan. It remains to be seen how President Lee persuades people to bear the burden and endure sacrifices. At least, four problems need to be addressed for Korea to become a major troop-contributing country (TCC): first, Korea needs to enact laws to deal with South Korea's participation in the UN PKOs. Second, Korea needs to find a way to include civilian experts in future activities of UN PKOs. Third, it needs to increase the budget and size of standby forces. Lastly, it needs to educate people to understand why Korea has to contribute further to make a safer world. It remains to be seen whether South Korea will continue to focus on its stabilization and reconstruction efforts without sending its combat troops.

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