Advanced Search
Chapter search
Book cover: Advances in Special Education

Advances in Special Education

ISSN: 0270-4013
Series editor(s): Dr. Festus E. Obiakor and Dr. Jeffrey P. Bakken

Subject Area: Education

Content: Series Volumes | icon: RSS Current Volume RSS

Options: To add Favourites and Table of Contents Alerts please take a Emerald profile

Previous article.Icon: Print.Table of Contents.Next article.Icon: .

Document request:
Chapter 4 History of learning disabilities

Document Information:
Title:Chapter 4 History of learning disabilities
Author(s):Carrie Anna Courtad, Jeffrey P. Bakken
Volume:21 Editor(s): Anthony F. Rotatori, Festus E. Obiakor, Jeffrey P. Bakken ISBN: 978-0-85724-629-5 eISBN: 978-0-85724-630-1
Citation:Carrie Anna Courtad, Jeffrey P. Bakken (2011), Chapter 4 History of learning disabilities, in Anthony F. Rotatori, Festus E. Obiakor, Jeffrey P. Bakken (ed.) History of Special Education (Advances in Special Education, Volume 21), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.61-87
DOI:10.1108/S0270-4013(2011)0000021007 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Article type:Chapter Item

In other words, LD can affect the way in which a person takes in, remembers, understands, and expresses information. Typically, a person with LD is of average intelligence, based on his/her intelligence quotient (IQ); however his/her academic performance is different from how they should be able to perform. People with LD are intelligent and have abilities to learn despite difficulties in processing information; however, they require specialized interventions in home, school, community, and workplace settings, appropriate to their individual strengths and needs, including but not limited to (a) specific skill instruction, (b) the development of compensatory strategies, (c) the development of self-advocacy skills, and (d) appropriate accommodation. Typically, a student with mild LD, who is identified and provided learning-disabilities instruction, can enhance his/her academic achievement, however, a student with undetected LD can struggle with low grades, low self-esteem, a loss of interest in higher education, and later reduced employment opportunities as an adult (Burkhardt, Obiakor, & Rotatori, 2004).

Fulltext Options:



Existing customers: login
to access this document


- Forgot password?

- Athens/Institutional login



Downloadable; Printable; Owned
HTML, PDF (243kb)

To purchase this item please login or register.


- Forgot password?

Recommend to your librarian

Complete and print this form to request this document from your librarian

Marked list

Bookmark & share

Reprints & permissions