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Book cover: Sociological Studies of Children and Youth

Sociological Studies of Children and Youth

ISSN: 1537-4661
Series editor(s): Loretta E. Bass

Subject Area: Sociology and Public Policy

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Praetorian Militarization and Children's Life Chances


Document Information:
Title:Praetorian Militarization and Children's Life Chances
Author(s):Steve Carlton-Ford
Volume:14 Editor(s): Loretta E. Bass, David A. Kinney ISBN: 978-1-78052-074-2 eISBN: 978-1-78052-075-9
Citation:Steve Carlton-Ford (2011), Praetorian Militarization and Children's Life Chances, in Loretta E. Bass, David A. Kinney (ed.) The Well-Being, Peer Cultures and Rights of Children (Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, Volume 14), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.3-26
DOI:10.1108/S1537-4661(2011)0000014006 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Article type:Chapter Item
Abstract:

Purpose – This chapter examines the impact of armed conflict and three forms of militarization on child mortality rates cross-nationally. Previous theorizing argues that praetorian militaries create conditions particularly adverse to the well-being of civilians, but the effects of praetorian militarization are likely confounded both by economic and social militarization, and by armed conflict, economic development, and political regime.

Methodology – This study conducts a cross-national panel study of the impact of armed conflict and militarization on civilian life chances using data from 175 countries with populations 200,000 or larger. Analyses employ a fixed-effects model, which controls for stable country characteristics; the analyses also control for time-varying characteristics of countries that influence the impact of armed conflict and militarization on life chances.

Findings – Praetorian militarization appears to increase child mortality, as does social militarization (particularly during years of internationalized internal armed conflict), once stable country effects and other variables are controlled. This chapter is the first to systematically examine the impact of praetorian militarization on social development (indexed by child mortality rates).


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