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Book cover: Research in Labor Economics

Research in Labor Economics

ISSN: 0147-9121
Series editor(s): Professor Solomon Polachek, Dr Konstantinos Tatsiramos

Subject Area: Economics

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Job Flows, Demographics, and the Great Recession

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Title:Job Flows, Demographics, and the Great Recession
Author(s):Eva Sierminska, Yelena Takhtamanova
Volume:32 Editor(s): Herwig Immervoll, Andreas Peichl, Konstantinos Tatsiramos ISBN: 978-0-85724-749-0 eISBN: 978-0-85724-750-6
Citation:Eva Sierminska, Yelena Takhtamanova (2011), Job Flows, Demographics, and the Great Recession, in Herwig Immervoll, Andreas Peichl, Konstantinos Tatsiramos (ed.) Who Loses in the Downturn? Economic Crisis, Employment and Income Distribution (Research in Labor Economics, Volume 32), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.115-154
DOI:10.1108/S0147-9121(2011)0000032007 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Article type:Chapter Item
Abstract:The recession the US economy entered in December of 2007 is considered to be the most severe downturn the country has experienced since the Great Depression. The unemployment rate reached as high as 10.1% in October 2009 – the highest we have seen since the 1982 recession. In this chapter, we examine the severity of this recession compared to those in the past by examining worker flows into and out of unemployment taking into account changes in the demographic structure of the population. We identify the most vulnerable groups of this recession by dissagregating the workforce by age, gender, and race. We find that adjusting for the aging of the US labor force increases the severity of this recession. Our results indicate that the increase in the unemployment rate is driven to a larger extent by the lack of hiring (low outflows), but flows into unemployment are still important for understanding unemployment rate dynamics (they are not as acyclical as some literature suggests) and differences in unemployment rates across demographic groups. We find that this is indeed a “mancession,” as men face higher job separation probabilities, lower job finding probabilities, and, as a result, higher unemployment rates than women. Lastly, there is some evidence that blacks suffered more than whites (again, this difference is particularly pronounced for men).

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