Series editor(s): Dr Fredrik Engelstad
Subject Area: Sociology and Public Policy
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|Title:||The third sector in Europe: Does it exhibit a converging movement?|
|Volume:||26 Editor(s): Bernard Enjolras, Karl Henrik Sivesind ISBN: 978-1-84950-607-6 eISBN: 978-1-84950-608-3|
|Citation:||Edith Archambault (2009), The third sector in Europe: Does it exhibit a converging movement?, in Bernard Enjolras, Karl Henrik Sivesind (ed.) Civil Society in Comparative Perspective (Comparative Social Research, Volume 26), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.3-24|
|DOI:||10.1108/S0195-6310(2009)0000026005 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Article type:||Chapter Item|
The theoretical approach of the five clusters relies on the distinction of the three welfare state regimes proposed by Esping-Andersen (1990, 1999) (Esping-Andersen, Gallie, Hemerijck, & Myles, 2003). Indeed, Europe as a whole provides the highest level of social protection and the widest “decommodification” of this social protection. Therefore, the bulk of nonprofit organizations – not only those providing education, health, and social services – cannot be understood without a reference to the kind of welfare state that shaped the whole modern society. The change or crisis of the welfare state over time gives indeed new opportunities to the third sector. We refer also to the social origins theory (Salamon et al., 2004), more global and complex, and try to make this theory more specific in the European Union. Empirical data are numerous because 16 countries over 27 were included in the second phase of the Johns Hopkins Nonprofit Sector Comparative project (CNP2; Salamon et al., 2004). Exchanges among European researchers complete more qualitatively these figures (Salamon et al., 1997).
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