Series editor(s): Professor Terry Marsden
Subject Area: Sociology and Public Policy
Options: To add Favourites and Table of Contents Alerts please take a Emerald profile
|Title:||The Evolution of Western Agricultural Policy Since 1945|
|Author(s):||Bruce Muirhead, Reidar Almås|
|Volume:||18 Editor(s): Reidar Almås, Hugh Campbell ISBN: 978-1-78052-348-4 eISBN: 978-1-78052-349-1|
|Citation:||Bruce Muirhead, Reidar Almås (2012), The Evolution of Western Agricultural Policy Since 1945, in Reidar Almås, Hugh Campbell (ed.) Rethinking Agricultural Policy Regimes: Food Security, Climate Change and the Future Resilience of Global Agriculture (Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Volume 18), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.23-49|
|DOI:||10.1108/S1057-1922(2012)0000018004 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Article type:||Chapter Item|
Purpose – This chapter elucidates the post–Second World War development of Western agricultural policy. It focuses primarily on the influence that the European Union and the United States have had on global policy evolution.
Design/methodology/approach – The chapter draws on historical sources and other secondary data.
Findings – The chapter documents how agriculture was never seen as a sector commes les autres. Agricultural exceptionalism became practice, never falling easily under the rubric of those organisations, like the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade or the World Trade Organization, that were designed to reduce impediments to trade. As a result, trade in agricultural goods even today remains tightly controlled by national governments, seen most clearly with the EU's Common Agricultural Policy. Further, the chapter documents the rise of productivism in the West, where the search for ever more, and cheaper, calories provided the rationale that bigger is better – bigger farms, bigger machinery, more technology inputs into agriculture, but fewer people working them, and fewer farms, which leads to questions about their sustainability and resilience in an era of climate change. The chapter ends with an acknowledgement of a changed world – where Brazil, China and India exert more influence in international trade negotiations, including those relating to agriculture. Their differing agenda in this area helps to explain, in part, the wreckage of the Doha Round of the WTO.
Originality/value – By identifying the main lines of post-1945 Western agricultural policy, the chapter provides context into which the authors contributing to this volume are able to place their chapters. The chapter also addresses a lacuna in the literature in that it deals with the entire sweep of post-war Western agricultural policy in a way that makes it accessible to the reader.
To purchase this item please login or register.
Complete and print this form to request this document from your librarian