Series editor(s): Professor Terry Marsden
Subject Area: Sociology and Public Policy
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|Title:||Food Regime Crisis and Revaluing the Agrarian Question|
|Volume:||18 Editor(s): Reidar Almås, Hugh Campbell ISBN: 978-1-78052-348-4 eISBN: 978-1-78052-349-1|
|Citation:||Philip McMichael (2012), Food Regime Crisis and Revaluing the Agrarian Question, in Reidar Almås, Hugh Campbell (ed.) Rethinking Agricultural Policy Regimes: Food Security, Climate Change and the Future Resilience of Global Agriculture (Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Volume 18), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.99-122|
|DOI:||10.1108/S1057-1922(2012)0000018007 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Article type:||Chapter Item|
Purpose – This chapter responds to the re-centering of agriculture and food in official forums and public discourse in the current crisis context.
Design – It re-examines the assumptions of the agrarian question through the lens of food regime analysis.
Findings – By examining these developments, particularly the recommendations of the IAASTD report, it is clear there is growing interest in the multifunctional conception of farming that is attentive to ecological and social sustainability.
Research implications – This rethinking is symptomatic of a transformation of the agrarian question: moving away from a concern with the political trajectory of capital in agriculture and the process of depeasantization, towards a concern with ‘peasant’ renewal. This registers an ontological shift towards an agro-ecological paradigm in which an ecologically driven conception of ‘value’ addressing social reproduction rather than capital accumulation is emerging.
Practical implications – New research on “repeasantization” undergirds this claim, and complements the global mobilization of small farmers around the project of food sovereignty. Practically, food sovereignty projects mean growing land rights claims and adoption of diverse forms of biological (rather than chemical) farming.
Social implications – This implies stabilizing rural populations and the possibility of health food and environments.
Value – Intellectually, such developments call for an analytical shift (in food regime and other analyses) towards values other than those of price and productivism in assessing the contribution of agriculture to human survival in a climate-challenged future.
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