Series editor(s): Emily Hannum
Subject Area: Education
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|Title:||Chapter 1 The World Polity and Political Culture|
|Author(s):||David H. Kamens|
|Volume:||18 Editor(s): David H. Kamens ISBN: 978-1-78052-708-6 eISBN: 978-1-78052-709-3|
|Citation:||David H. Kamens (2012), Chapter 1 The World Polity and Political Culture, in David H. Kamens (ed.) Beyond the Nation-State (Research in the Sociology of Education, Volume 18), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.1-33|
|DOI:||10.1108/S1479-3539(2012)0000018005 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Article type:||Chapter Item|
What drives this diffusion process? One neo-institutional answer to this question is that new models of nationhood, organization, and social identity exist in the larger world environment (Meyer, 2009, p. 36ff). Because they are external, these “identities” and models can be adopted without huge costs and without necessarily entailing the reorganization of society or actors’ personalities. Thus the models of modern society can spread quickly because they are relatively easy to assume and because they have high legitimacy in the international environment. Conformity produces instrumental rewards as well. And it also signals to significant “other” nations and international bodies that a nation has accepted modernity and its responsibilities (see Boli & Thomas's discussion, 1999). Thus, foreign aid, loans, and credit may flow quickly to those developing countries that enact modern institutional structures like mass education and democratic elections.
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