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Journal cover: International Journal of Operations & Production Management

International Journal of Operations & Production Management

ISSN: 0144-3577

Online from: 1980

Subject Area: Operations and Logistics Management

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ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards: an international diffusion model


Document Information:
Title:ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards: an international diffusion model
Author(s):Frederic Marimon Viadiu, (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain), Martí Casadesús Fa, (Departament d'Organització, Gestió Empresarial i Desenvolupament de Producte, Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain), Iñaki Heras Saizarbitoria, (Departamento de Organización de Empresas, E.U.E. Empresariales, Universidad del País Vasco, San Sebastián, Spain)
Citation:Frederic Marimon Viadiu, Martí Casadesús Fa, Iñaki Heras Saizarbitoria, (2006) "ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards: an international diffusion model", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 26 Iss: 2, pp.141 - 165
Keywords:Diffusion, ISO 9000 series, Management techniques, Quality management, Standardization
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/01443570610641648 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:

Purpose – In an economic environment characterized in recent years by globalization and the integration of economic processes, standardization in management systems has had a high growth. In this context, there has been a remarkable increase in certain standards, or norms, issued by international organizations. Among these standards, two main groups stand out, both issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO): one for quality management systems – the family of ISO 9000 standards – and the other for environmental management systems – the ISO 14000 standards. This paper aims to analyze the world wide diffusion process of these two standards, using data provided by the ISO itself.

Design/methodology/approach – The methodology proposed is developed in four separate phases. The first two analyze the diffusion model over time with a model based on the logistic curve proposed by Franceschini et al. The next two phases analyze whether the diffusion process has proceeded in a relatively homogeneous way in the different sectors of activity. In order to do that, the use of indices of concentration and instability has been carried out.

Findings – The conclusion is that the diffusion of both standards is very similar – in general and in terms of the different sectors. This result coincides with certain hypotheses formulated in the theoretical literature.

Originality/value – This is the first paper where it can be demonstrated that, world-wide, both the ISO 14000 and the ISO 9000 standards have followed very similar patterns of diffusion in their expansion.



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