Advanced Search
Journal search
Journal cover: Personnel Review

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Online from: 1971

Subject Area: Human Resource Management

Content: Latest Issue | icon: RSS Latest Issue RSS | Previous Issues


Previous article.Icon: Print.Table of Contents.Next article.Icon: .

A review of the time management literature

Document Information:
Title:A review of the time management literature
Author(s):Brigitte J.C. Claessens, (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands), Wendelien van Eerde, (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands), Christel G. Rutte, (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands), Robert A. Roe, (Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands)
Citation:Brigitte J.C. Claessens, Wendelien van Eerde, Christel G. Rutte, Robert A. Roe, (2007) "A review of the time management literature", Personnel Review, Vol. 36 Iss: 2, pp.255 - 276
Keywords:Control, Job satisfaction, Performance management, Time measurement, Training
Article type:Literature review
DOI:10.1108/00483480710726136 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to provide an overview for those interested in the current state-of-the-art in time management research.

Design/methodology/approach – This review includes 32 empirical studies on time management conducted between 1982 and 2004.

Findings – The review demonstrates that time management behaviours relate positively to perceived control of time, job satisfaction, and health, and negatively to stress. The relationship with work and academic performance is not clear. Time management training seems to enhance time management skills, but this does not automatically transfer to better performance.

Research limitations/implications – The reviewed research displays several limitations. First, time management has been defined and operationalised in a variety of ways. Some instruments were not reliable or valid, which could account for unstable findings. Second, many of the studies were based on cross-sectional surveys and used self-reports only. Third, very little attention was given to job and organizational factors. There is a need for more rigorous research into the mechanisms of time management and the factors that contribute to its effectiveness. The ways in which stable time management behaviours can be established also deserves further investigation.

Practical implications – This review makes clear which effects may be expected of time management, which aspects may be most useful for which individuals, and which work characteristics would enhance or hinder positive effects. Its outcomes may help to develop more effective time management practices.

Originality/value – This review is the first to offer an overview of empirical research on time management. Both practice and scientific research may benefit from the description of previous attempts to measure and test the popular notions of time management.

Fulltext Options:



Existing customers: login
to access this document


- Forgot password?
- Athens/Institutional login



Downloadable; Printable; Owned
HTML, PDF (120kb)

Due to our platform migration, pay-per-view is temporarily unavailable.

To purchase this item please login or register.


- Forgot password?

Recommend to your librarian

Complete and print this form to request this document from your librarian

Marked list

Bookmark & share

Reprints & permissions