Garth Mangum, University of Utah, USA
Stephen Magnum, Ohio State University, USA
MacLeans Geo-JaJa, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
In an earlier issue of this journal we compared international experiences in manpower planning at the national level. We offered a matrix of planning approaches (Figure 1), a typology of the politico-economic systems in which such planning has occurred (not repeated here) and a conceptual framework classifying the objectives and approaches of various countries by stage of economic development (Figure 2). We promised a subsequent article drawing lessons from planning experience which might contribute to improving the international manpower planning process. This, belatedly, is that follow-up article. In it we review the status of manpower planning in developed, newly industrialising and labour-short, less developed countries (LDCs). Then we report criticisms which have been levelled at national manpower planning in labour-surplus LDCs, explain what we see to be the reasons for what has been criticised, identify lessons and make recommendations which we believe will skirt many of the problems identified.
International Journal of Manpower
MCB UP Ltd