Previously published as: Environmental Management and Health
Online from: 2003
Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment
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|Title:||Risk and management of climate induced disasters in coastal Gujarat in India|
|Author(s):||Shital V. Lodhia, (Sardar Patel Institute of Economic and Social Research, Ahmedabad, India)|
|Citation:||Shital V. Lodhia, (2012) "Risk and management of climate induced disasters in coastal Gujarat in India", Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 23 Iss: 1, pp.82 - 100|
|Keywords:||Climate change, Coastal management, Coastal regions, Disasters, India, Stakeholder approach, Sustainable development|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/14777831211191610 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the risk due to climate induced disasters in coastal regions. Coastal areas, being economically attractive and ecologically fragile, need altogether different development approaches. The paper also explores the applicability of stakeholder theory for managing coastal regions in a sustainable manner. This paper should help policymakers when making their decisions to maintain coastal regions’ prosperity.
Design/methodology/approach – The paper opted for an exploratory study using secondary information available at various levels. This paper presents the case study of the coastal region of Gujarat. It starts by evaluating the present status of the coastal resources and their degradation. It then assesses the risk due to climate induced coastal hazards. It has critically reviewed the policy response towards coastal issues and problems. The applicability of stakeholder approach had been tested for coastal management.
Findings – The paper has identified that in an absence of stakeholder approach, the current planning strategies have failed to deal with coastal issues and problems. The coastal region needs a special attention for sustaining its development. An integrated regional framework for coastal development is required which encompasses trade-off among various sectors. The region needs a long-term regional land use planning, which can facilitate the disaster resilience and adaptation strategies for local communities. Finally adopting a stakeholder approach is recommended, to improve the ecological productivity and biodiversity of the coastal region.
Research limitations/implications – The research has important policy implications for the state of Gujarat and infers that the stakeholder approach is the most appropriate approach for planning the development of the coastal region.
Practical implications – The paper has direct policy implications for the government of Gujarat and Government of India. Coastal planning needs a systematic approach to have an integrated development. The use of stakeholder approach can solve many issues and problems of coastal conflicts. Such an approach is very important for the protection and sustainable development of the coastal region. This also has colossal relevance for any developing countries preparing coastal region development plans.
Social implications – The suggestions incorporated in the paper have also looked into the consideration of environmental conservation and protection of rights to livelihood for marginalized groups such as fishing communities.
Originality/value – The use of stakeholder theory for public sector planning is a new approach in a research. The paper has delved into the requirement of stakeholder approach in coastal planning for developing the coastal economy and conserving the coastal environment.
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