Online from: 2012
Subject Area: Education
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|Title:||Possibility of East Asian integration through the regional networks and universities’ cooperation in higher education|
|Author(s):||Miki Sugimura, (Department of Education, Faculty of Human Sciences, Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan)|
|Citation:||Miki Sugimura, (2012) "Possibility of East Asian integration through the regional networks and universities’ cooperation in higher education", Asian Education and Development Studies, Vol. 1 Iss: 1, pp.85 - 95|
|Keywords:||Asia, Campus Asia, China, East Asian integration, Higher education, International higher education, Japan, Regional networks, Regionalization, South Korea, Universities, Universities cooperation|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/20463161211194487 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||This paper is based on the author's presentation at the International Forum for Education 2020, Senior Seminar by East West Centre, USA, UNESCO Bangkok Office and Centre for Governance and Citizenship of the Hong Kong Institute of Education, 4-6 May, 2011, and the International Symposium on Regional and Interregional Cooperation of Universities by MEXT and University of Tokyo, 17-18, February, 2011. This paper is also based on the research results provided in the FY 2008 Support Center Project for Academia's International Development Cooperation by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology titled “Verification of Regional Education Network and Universities Cooperation Cases in Asia” by Sugimura Miki and Kuroda Kazuo (lead researchers) in 2009. References cited in this paper, i.e. Umemiya Naoki for AUN/Seed-Net, Rha Kyung Soo for “S3 Asia MBA” and “3 Campus Comparative East Asian Studies”, and Torii Yasuteru for Master’s Program in order to “foster researchers that lead the governance of the information society” are research cases appearing in this report. For the whole text of the report, please visit www.scp.mext.go.jp/archives/pdf/erasmus/all.pdf (in Japanese).|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to clarify the function and issues of intra- and inter-regional cooperation of international higher education in Asia and consider the possibility of East Asian integration as regionalization.
Design/methodology/approach – The research consists of two steps. First, by comparing with examples of regional networks and universities’ cooperation programs, it breaks down the current situation of regional cooperation. Second, it analyses the structure of those networks and programs.
Findings – Both regional education networks and universities’ cooperation programs develop in multi-layers and in different phases, and they have a function of distribution of Asian higher education as public goods for regionalization. There are still issues such as immigration control relating to the people's and programs’ mobility, program language, financial and personnel affairs, as well as adjustments to be made in accreditation assessment, credit compatibility and quality assurance including curriculum setting. Retaining the autonomy of countries and higher education agencies in international cooperation is also the major issue in promoting these programs. However, such international cooperation produces the new forms of international higher education for human resource development.
Research limitations/implications – Not all networks and programs can be examined, but the trend and characteristics of the cooperation in higher education can be highlighted.
Practical implications – The findings give significance to the “Campus Asia” concept which is now in preparation for realization by the agreement at the summit of China, Japan and South Korea in October 2009.
Originality/value – While integration and regionalization in East Asia has been discussed previously from the political and economic aspects, this paper responds to the subject from the socio-cultural aspect by focusing on international higher education in Asia.
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