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Journal cover: Journal of Money Laundering Control

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Online from: 1997

Subject Area: Accounting and Finance

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Investigation and prosecution of money laundering cases in Malaysia

Document Information:
Title:Investigation and prosecution of money laundering cases in Malaysia
Author(s):Zakiah Muhammaddun Mohamed, (School of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan, Bangi, Malaysia), Khalijah Ahmad, (School of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan, Bangi, Malaysia)
Citation:Zakiah Muhammaddun Mohamed, Khalijah Ahmad, (2012) "Investigation and prosecution of money laundering cases in Malaysia", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 15 Iss: 4, pp.421 - 429
Keywords:Anti-Money Laundering Act 2001, Bank Negara Malaysia, Investigation, Malaysia, Money laundering, Prosecution
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/13685201211266006 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Acknowledgements:This study has been made possible with funding from UKM grant UKM-DIMP-003-2011.

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine money laundering cases investigated by the Central Bank of Malaysia under the Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001.

Design/methodology/approach – This study analyzes the contents of public releases by the enforcement division of the Central Bank for period 2007 to 2011. Analysis of data is carried out based on three categories: the predicate offence, the perpetrators and current status of the cases.

Findings – Findings reveal that most cases investigated by the Central Bank relate to sec 4(1) of AMLATFA 2001 and the main predicate offence related to the money laundering charges are on illegal deposit taking. Further it is found that directors of companies are the leading group of people charged under the Act for money laundering. In addition, findings also show that only half of the cases investigated have been charged in court.

Research limitations/implications – Data from this research only come from enforcement releases from the Central Bank of Malaysia. Since AMLATFA2001 is administered by multiple agencies, the research may not provide a comprehensive view of all the cases investigated. Future research should look at other agencies and in particular the Royal Police of Malaysia.

Practical implications – Findings from the study suggest that prosecuting money laundering cases by Bank Negara Malaysia are limited to cases with predicate offence of illegal deposit taking. The agency should explore other predicate offences and the concept of “irresistible inference” to increase its effort in prosecuting money laundering activities in the country.

Originality/value – The paper documents and analyzes the actual cases being investigated for money laundering offences. It provides basis for the standard setters to evaluate their effort to curb money laundering activities in Malaysia.

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