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Journal cover: International Journal of Prisoner Health

International Journal of Prisoner Health

ISSN: 1744-9200

Online from: 2005

Subject Area: Health and Social Care

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Prevalence of Hepatitis B virus and/or Hepatitis C virus co-infections in prisoners infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus


Document Information:
Title:Prevalence of Hepatitis B virus and/or Hepatitis C virus co-infections in prisoners infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Author(s):Emanuele Pontali, (Prison of Genoa, Genoa, Italy), Franco Ferrari, (Prison of Genoa, Genoa, Italy)
Citation:Emanuele Pontali, Franco Ferrari, (2008) "Prevalence of Hepatitis B virus and/or Hepatitis C virus co-infections in prisoners infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus", International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. 4 Iss: 2, pp.77 - 82
Keywords:Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV
Article type:General review
DOI:10.1080/17449200802038207 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:Correctional facilities host a disproportionately high prevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV infection. We evaluated the prevalence of HBV and/or HCV co-infection among HIV-infected inmates entering our correctional facility. Over a 30-month period, 173 consecutive HIV-infected inmates entered our institution and were evaluated. HCV co-infection was observed in more than 90% of the tested HIV-infected inmates, past HBV infection in 77.4% and active HBV co-infection in 6.7%; triple coinfection (HIV, HCV and HBs-Ag positivity) was seen in 6.1% of them. Given the observed high prevalence of co-infection, testing for HBV and HCV in all HIV-infected inmates at entry in any correctional system is recommended to identify those in need of specific care and/or preventing interventions.



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