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Journal cover: European Journal of Training and Development

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012
Previously published as: Journal of European Industrial Training

Online from: 2012

Subject Area: Learning and Development

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Employee development and turnover intention: theory validation

Document Information:
Title:Employee development and turnover intention: theory validation
Author(s):Wali Rahman, (Department of Management Sciences, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan), Zekeriya Nas, (Turkish Department, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Citation:Wali Rahman, Zekeriya Nas, (2013) "Employee development and turnover intention: theory validation", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 37 Iss: 6, pp.564 - 579
Keywords:Employees, Employees development, Employees turnover, Human capital, Human capital theory, Pakistan, Social exchange theory, Turnover intention
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/EJTD-May-2012-0015 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Purpose – This study aims to examine the pattern of behavior of turnover intentions in developing countries vis-à-vis the one in advanced countries through the empirical data from public universities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study provides empirical evidence from academia in Pakistan, thereby enriching the understanding of similarities or differences in development-attitude-behavior relationship. In addition, the study also looks into the social exchange theory and human capital theory that affect employee's attitude and behavior.

Design/methodology/approach – The study uses a sample of 329 collected from 16 public universities in the province with about 3,500 population for analysis. The hypothesized relationships are tested using Amos 18 through path analysis.

Findings – The results indicate employee's turnover intention is predicted by employee development perceptions. The study validates the theory of development-attitude-behavior relationship.

Research limitations/implications – The paper carries discussion about the methodology used in the paper, limitations of the research and recommendations for possible future research.

Originality/value – This is an empirical study of academia in a region of Pakistan with a sufficiently large sample that has not been carried out earlier. The study has importance for those at the helm of affairs and policy makers.

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