Online from: 2003
Subject Area: International Business
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|Title:||Can British multinational enterprises finance economic development in South East Asia?|
|Author(s):||Quyen T.K. Nguyen, (Henley Business School, University of Reading, Reading, UK)|
|Citation:||Quyen T.K. Nguyen, (2013) "Can British multinational enterprises finance economic development in South East Asia?", Multinational Business Review, Vol. 21 Iss: 2, pp.122 - 147|
|Keywords:||Capital structure, Economic development, Financing, International investments, Multinational companies, Multinational enterprise subsidiary, South East Asia, United Kingdom|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/MBR-03-2013-0014 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The author would like to thank Professor Alan M. Rugman for his encouragement, guidance and support. His advice was very valuable in developing and improving the current version of this paper.|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to shed new light on the debate about the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) and public policy in fostering economic development. Specifically, can the capital inflow of multinational enterprises (MNEs) and the ability of the subsidiaries to raise funds locally help promote development? This paper addresses this issue by examining the capital structure and financing sources of foreign subsidiaries of MNEs.
Design/methodology/approach – This paper integrates the capital structure theories in finance with internalization theory in international business. It uses an original primary dataset collected by a survey of 101 foreign subsidiaries of British MNEs in six emerging economies in the ASEAN region.
Findings – There are three significant findings. First, these subsidiaries rely heavily on internal funds generated within the MNEs and less on external debts raised in the host countries. Second, the foreign subsidiary's capital structure is influenced by the home country of origin of the parent firm and the parent firm's financing sources. Third, these subsidiaries have used the financial resources to develop business networks with local small and medium enterprises (SMEs) which contribute to economic development of the host countries.
Originality/value – This paper examines the internal capital market within the MNE. It provides theoretical and empirical support for the capital structure theory of the hierarchy financing approach and also for internalization theory by addressing FDI inflows by MNEs and the raising of funds locally. These findings have important implications for public policy, namely the facilitation of MNE entry to encourage economic development.
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