Online from: 1995
Subject Area: Enterprise and Innovation
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|Title:||Influences of gendered institutions on women's entry into entrepreneurship|
|Author(s):||Saurav Pathak, (Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA), Sonia Goltz, (Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA), Mari W. Buche, (Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA)|
|Citation:||Saurav Pathak, Sonia Goltz, Mari W. Buche, (2013) "Influences of gendered institutions on women's entry into entrepreneurship", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, Vol. 19 Iss: 5, pp.478 - 502|
|Keywords:||Cultural context, Entrepreneurialism, Gendered institutions, Multi-level research, Self-efficacy, Women, Women's entrepreneurship|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/IJEBR-09-2011-0115 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – Research and theory indicate that macro-level variables can influence the effects of individual-level factors on the economic behavior of women; however, this has rarely been examined with regard to women's entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship has thus far been examined from a gender-neutral perspective. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap by deriving predictions using a sociological model of gender stratification and examining the effects of gendered institutions on women's entrepreneurship.
Design/methodology/approach – Using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) dataset comprising over 40,000 individuals across 30 countries combined with data from the Global Gender Gap Index (GGGI), the authors examined the direct as well as cross-level moderation effects of gendered institutions on the probability of women entering into entrepreneurship.
Findings – Results indicated that gendered institutions moderate effects of individual variables on the entrepreneurship of women, suggesting that in theory and research, individual factors affecting women's entrepreneurship should be considered within the larger cultural context.
Research limitations/implications – The findings provide additional evidence for the gender stratification theory of women's economic activity. Future research should examine alternative operationalizations of the variables, as well as effects of additional gendered institutions.
Practical implications – Results suggest that changes may be needed in entrepreneurship development policies in countries with cultural values creating barriers for women's entrepreneurship.
Originality/value – This multi-level analysis is derived from a theoretical framework and helps account for the rates of entrepreneurial activity found among women across many countries.
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