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Journal cover: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance

ISSN: 0952-6862

Online from: 1988

Subject Area: Health Care Management/Healthcare

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Factors affecting performance of hospital nurses in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia

Document Information:
Title:Factors affecting performance of hospital nurses in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia
Author(s):Hanan Al-Ahmadi, (Institute of Public Administration, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
Citation:Hanan Al-Ahmadi, (2009) "Factors affecting performance of hospital nurses in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 22 Iss: 1, pp.40 - 54
Keywords:Job satisfaction, Nurses, Performance management, Saudi Arabia
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/09526860910927943 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify factors influencing performance of hospital nurses in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia. Specific objectives were to estimate self-reported performance, and determine whether differences in employee demographics, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment, influenced performance.

Design/methodology/approach – In total, 15 hospitals were randomly selected. The questionnaire was sent to all nurses (1,834) in these facilities and 923 nurses responded. Statistical analysis included correlation, t-test, and regression analysis.

Findings – The study finds that job performance is positively correlated with organizational commitment, job satisfaction and personal and professional variables. Both job satisfaction and organizational commitment are strong predictors of nurses' performance. Job performance is positively related to some personal factors, including years of experience, nationality, gender, and marital status. Level of education is negatively related to performance.

Research limitations/implications – The findings of this study have a limited generalisability due to the fact that all measures used are based on self-reports. Future research may be directed to other objective measures of performance.

Practical implications – Emphasis should be placed on effective supervision, empowerment, and a better reward system. Cultural diversity is a reality for most health organizations in Saudi Arabia; therefore, they need to adopt effective human resources strategies that aim to improve commitment and retention of qualified workers, and build a high performance organizational culture based on empowerment, open communication, and appreciation of impact of national culture on work attitudes.

Originality/value – This study fulfills a research gap in the area of nursing performance, and its relationship with work attitudes in Saudi Arabia. The paper also highlights the impact of national culture on job performance and work attitude among nurses in Saudi Arabia, and other countries facing the issue of multi-national work force.

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