Online from: 1987
Subject Area: Education
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|Title:||Special education teacher retention and attrition: the impact of increased legal requirements|
|Author(s):||Erica Nance, (Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas, USA), Raymond L. Calabrese, (The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA)|
|Citation:||Erica Nance, Raymond L. Calabrese, (2009) "Special education teacher retention and attrition: the impact of increased legal requirements", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 23 Iss: 5, pp.431 - 440|
|Keywords:||Education, Learning organizations, Organizational culture, Retention, Teachers|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/09513540910970520 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the reasons current or former tenured special education teachers in a Local Education Agency remain or leave their special education teaching positions through the theoretical perspectives of organizational learning and organizational culture. The paper aims to describe the influence of increased legal requirements on current or former tenured special education teacher attrition or retention by reporting their reasons for staying or leaving.
Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative multiple case study of two units of analysis was conducted through a constructionist epistemology. Data were collected from 40 current and former tenured special education teachers through focus groups, semi-structured interviews, the Left Hand and Right-Hand Column Case Method, and review of appropriate documents. The data collected were analyzed using text analysis software, content analysis, and pattern matching.
Findings – Four salient findings from the paper are: current tenured special education teachers want to be listened to and have their needs considered; current tenured special education teachers feel overwhelmed by the workload related to state assessments; current and former tenured special education teachers believe that legally-required changes affected them in practice; and current and former tenured special education teachers perceive that time requirements for administrative tasks reduce time for student services.
Practical implications – Implications for praxis include organizational learning and organizational culture that encourage listening to the experience of tenured special education teachers and including them in decisions that affect them in an effort to retain them.
Originality/value – The paper assesses the impact of increased legal requirements on special education teacher retention and attrition.
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