Online from: 1980
Subject Area: Operations and Logistics Management
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|Title:||Patterns of vendor-managed inventory: findings from a multiple-case study|
|Author(s):||Jouni Kauremaa, (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland), Johanna Småros, (Retail Logistics Excellence – RELEX Oy, Espoo, Finland), Jan Holmström, (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland)|
|Citation:||Jouni Kauremaa, Johanna Småros, Jan Holmström, (2009) "Patterns of vendor-managed inventory: findings from a multiple-case study", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 29 Iss: 11, pp.1109 - 1139|
|Keywords:||Inventory management, Supply chain management, Vendor relations|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/01443570911000159 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The authors wish to thank the Academy of Finland and the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (TEKES) for funding this research as well as the kind participation of the nine anonymous organizations involved in the study. The first author wishes further to acknowledge Emil Aaltosen säätiö, Jenny ja Antti Wihurin rahasto, Tekniikan edistämissäätiö, and Kaupallisten ja teknillisten tieteiden tukisäätiö for financial support. Finally, the authors wish to thank the editor and three anonymous reviewers for their constructive critique that helped to improve the paper.|
Purpose – This paper aims to address two questions: what kinds of benefits are realized from a vendor-managed inventory (VMI) program (operational, i.e. efficiency related, vs strategic, i.e. sales related) and how the benefits are shared at the dyad level (suppliers vs buyers).
Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses an exploratory multiple case study with data from five operational VMI dyads, evaluating both buyer and supplier perspectives.
Findings – Three empirically grounded patterns of VMI are proposed. Five contextual inhibitors of VMI impacts are suggested.
Research limitations/implications – The framework presented has been generated from a relatively small number of cases. Threats to external validity have been mitigated with case selection from multiple operational contexts and grounding findings in prior literature.
Practical implications – Using the conceptualization, potential VMI adopters can set more realistic and explicit implementation targets. The suggested contextual factors will help to design more appropriate VMI systems.
Originality/value – Past research on VMI can be mainly characterized by modeling/simulation approaches, focus on operational efficiency implications, and concern with impacts to buyers. In contrast, empirical studies on the actual impacts and dyad-level reasons considering also the strategic (sales related) motivations for implementing VMI are few. This study contributes by suggesting how VMI is in some instances motivated not by bilateral interests to develop a supply chain, but by unilateral interests, with buyers searching for effortless purchasing, and suppliers for a means to lock in and secure sales.
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