Online from: 1972
Subject Area: Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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|Title:||Plastic machines: behavioural diversity and the Turing test|
|Author(s):||Michael Wheeler, (Department of Philosophy, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK)|
|Citation:||Michael Wheeler, (2010) "Plastic machines: behavioural diversity and the Turing test", Kybernetes, Vol. 39 Iss: 3, pp.466 - 480|
|Keywords:||Artificial intelligence, Behaviour, Cybernetics, Man-machine interface|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/03684921011036187 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||Some passages in this paper include textual material adapted from Wheeler (2008b, 2009).|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider Turing's test and his objections to the idea that a machine might eventually pass it. Discusses behavioural diversity in relation to the Turing test.
Design/methodology/approach – The paper argues that this objection cannot be dismissed easily, taking the view that the diversity exhibited by human behaviour is characterised by a kind of context-sensitive adaptive plasticity. Draws on Descartes' arguments and artificial intelligence to interpret the Turing test.
Findings – It is found that the distinctive context-sensitive adaptive plasticity of human behaviour explains why the Turing test is such a stringent test for the presence of thought and why it is much harder to pass than Turing himself may have realised.
Originality/value – This paper provides an unique view of Turing's test that will assist researchers in assessing its value and its goals.
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