Online from: 1971
Subject Area: Human Resource Management
|Title:||Flex-time as a moderator of the job stress-work motivation relationship: A three nation investigation|
|Author(s):||Chet E. Barney, (Department of Management, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA), Steven M. Elias, (Department of Management, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA)|
|Citation:||Chet E. Barney, Steven M. Elias, (2010) "Flex-time as a moderator of the job stress-work motivation relationship: A three nation investigation", Personnel Review, Vol. 39 Iss: 4, pp.487 - 502|
|Keywords:||Canada, Flexible working hours, Israel, Motivation (psychology), Russia, Stress|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/00483481011045434 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – It has been known for some time that job stress has a wide-ranging, negative impact on employees. It has also been known that providing employees with autonomy and/or control over their work environment reduces the deleterious consequences of job stress. The purpose of this study is to examine whether control in the form of flex-time (i.e. allowing employees to create their own work schedules) moderates the impact of stress on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among Russian, Canadian, and Israeli Arab employees (
Design/methodology/approach – Archival data that was obtained from employees (
Findings – In relation to extrinsic motivation, a significant interaction was observed between job stress, flex-time, and country of residence. Although flex-time and country of residence were significant predictors of intrinsic motivation, no significant interactions were observed.
Originality/value – This is one of few papers to examine flex-time from an international perspective. In terms of value, human resource managers are made aware that the impacts of flex-time on employees' motivation depends, in part, on the nation in which they are employed.
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