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Journal cover: Personnel Review

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Online from: 1971

Subject Area: Human Resource Management

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Flex-time as a moderator of the job stress-work motivation relationship: A three nation investigation


Document Information:
Title:Flex-time as a moderator of the job stress-work motivation relationship: A three nation investigation
Author(s):Chet E. Barney, (Department of Management, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA), Steven M. Elias, (Department of Management, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA)
Citation:Chet E. Barney, Steven M. Elias, (2010) "Flex-time as a moderator of the job stress-work motivation relationship: A three nation investigation", Personnel Review, Vol. 39 Iss: 4, pp.487 - 502
Keywords:Canada, Flexible working hours, Israel, Motivation (psychology), Russia, Stress
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/00483481011045434 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:

Purpose – It has been known for some time that job stress has a wide-ranging, negative impact on employees. It has also been known that providing employees with autonomy and/or control over their work environment reduces the deleterious consequences of job stress. The purpose of this study is to examine whether control in the form of flex-time (i.e. allowing employees to create their own work schedules) moderates the impact of stress on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among Russian, Canadian, and Israeli Arab employees (n=933).

Design/methodology/approach – Archival data that was obtained from employees (n=933) residing in three different nations was analysed via hierarchical moderated multiple regression.

Findings – In relation to extrinsic motivation, a significant interaction was observed between job stress, flex-time, and country of residence. Although flex-time and country of residence were significant predictors of intrinsic motivation, no significant interactions were observed.

Originality/value – This is one of few papers to examine flex-time from an international perspective. In terms of value, human resource managers are made aware that the impacts of flex-time on employees' motivation depends, in part, on the nation in which they are employed.



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