Advanced Search
Journal search
Journal cover: Journal of Educational Administration

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Online from: 1963

Subject Area: Education

Content: Latest Issue | icon: RSS Latest Issue RSS | Previous Issues


Previous article.Icon: Print.Table of Contents.Next article.Icon: .

Primary school principals and the purposes of education in Australia: Results of a national survey

Document Information:
Title:Primary school principals and the purposes of education in Australia: Results of a national survey
Author(s):Neil Cranston, (Faculty of Education, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia), Bill Mulford, (Faculty of Education, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia), Jack Keating, (University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia), Alan Reid, (University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, Australia)
Citation:Neil Cranston, Bill Mulford, Jack Keating, Alan Reid, (2010) "Primary school principals and the purposes of education in Australia: Results of a national survey", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 48 Iss: 4, pp.517 - 539
Keywords:Australia, Educational policy, Primary education, Principals
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/09578231011054743 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Acknowledgements:The survey reported on this paper was part of a three-year Australian Research Council-Linkage project conducted with partners, the AGPPA and the Education Foundation.

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report the results of a national survey of government primary school principals in Australia, investigating the purposes of education, in terms of the importance and level of enactment of those purposes in schools.

Design/methodology/approach – In 2009, an electronic survey was distributed to government primary school principals in Australia seeking their views on the purposes of education. The survey comprised 71 items of a closed format and three items of an open-ended format. Respondents rated first the importance they ascribed to particular purposes of education, then second the degree to which they believed these purposes were actually enacted in their particular school. Factor analyses were conducted on the item responses. Differences between importance and enactment of purposes are discussed together with reasons for these differences.

Findings – The findings overwhelmingly point to tensions between what they, the principals, believe ought to be the purposes of education and what the strategies to achieve those purposes might be, and the realities of what is actually happening. It could be argued that the results indicate a major shift away from public purposes of education to those more aligned with private purposes. Many of the barriers to achieving a greater focus in schools on public purposes are seen to be related to external (to the school) issues, such as government policy decisions, differential funding and resourcing across school sectors and emerging community and societal factors.

Research limitations/implications – This research complements other aspects of this project into the purposes of education in Australia. There are some limitations to the reported findings in so far as only government principals participated in the survey. Non-government school principals were invited but declined to participate.

Originality/value – This is the only piece of research of its kind in Australia and provides unique insights – those of principals – into what schools are focusing on and what the leaders think they ought to be focusing on. There are clearly policy and practice implications of the research.

Fulltext Options:



Existing customers: login
to access this document


- Forgot password?
- Athens/Institutional login



Downloadable; Printable; Owned
HTML, PDF (123kb)

Due to our platform migration, pay-per-view is temporarily unavailable.

To purchase this item please login or register.


- Forgot password?

Recommend to your librarian

Complete and print this form to request this document from your librarian

Marked list

Bookmark & share

Reprints & permissions