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Journal cover: Management Research Review

Management Research Review

ISSN: 2040-8269
Previously published as: Management Research News

Online from: 2010

Subject Area: Management Science/Management Studies

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Perceptions of organizational attractiveness: The differential relationships of various work schedule flexibility programs


Document Information:
Title:Perceptions of organizational attractiveness: The differential relationships of various work schedule flexibility programs
Author(s):Joel T. Nadler, (Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, Illinois, USA), Nicole L. Cundiff, (Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, Illinois, USA), Meghan R. Lowery, (Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, Illinois, USA), Stacy Jackson, (Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, Illinois, USA)
Citation:Joel T. Nadler, Nicole L. Cundiff, Meghan R. Lowery, Stacy Jackson, (2010) "Perceptions of organizational attractiveness: The differential relationships of various work schedule flexibility programs", Management Research Review, Vol. 33 Iss: 9, pp.865 - 876
Keywords:Corporate image, Employee behaviour, Flexible working hours, Gender, Working patterns
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/01409171011070297 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:

Purpose – Past research on flextime programs often treat work schedule flexibility as a homogeneous construct. The purpose of this paper is to empirically demonstrate the relationship between different flexible work schedules and employee perceptions of organizational attractiveness.

Design/methodology/approach – Participants (n?=?655) reviewed a scenario with work schedule flexibility manipulated into one of eight consecutively more flexible schedules. Participants then rated the job offer within the scenario on organizational attractiveness.

Findings – The study found significant differences in organizational attractiveness based on the eight types of work schedule flexibility. The study's results supported categorizing flextime programs as heterogeneous constructs.

Research limitations/implications – The study utilized scenarios reducing generalization to work situations. Participants were college students with a limited work experience and may have viewed organizational attractiveness based on expectations, not on experiences. Future studies should examine workforce populations and also examine different work schedule flexibility programs' effects on absenteeism and productivity.

Practical implications – The study suggested that work schedule flexibility affects future employees' perceptions of organizational attractiveness. Attracting high-quality employees is in the best interests of organizations and the effects of a flexible work schedule may begin before employees are hired.

Originality/value – The paper illustrates that different work schedule flexibility schedules, often labeled “flextime,” are perceived differently regarding organizational attractiveness. The paper further supports the notion that work schedule flexibility is a complex construct that cannot be examined using one broad term.



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