Advanced Search
Journal search
Journal cover: The British Journal of Forensic Practice

The British Journal of Forensic Practice

ISSN: 1463-6646
Currently published as: Journal of Forensic Practice

Online from: 1999

Subject Area: Health and Social Care

Content: Latest Issue | icon: RSS Latest Issue RSS | Previous Issues

Options: To add Favourites and Table of Contents Alerts please take a Emerald profile

Previous article.Icon: Print.Table of Contents.Next article.Icon: .

An investigation into the relationship between digit length ratio (2D: 4D) and psychopathy

Document Information:
Title:An investigation into the relationship between digit length ratio (2D: 4D) and psychopathy
Author(s):Alyson Blanchard, (Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, UK), Minna Lyons, (Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, UK)
Citation:Alyson Blanchard, Minna Lyons, (2010) "An investigation into the relationship between digit length ratio (2D: 4D) and psychopathy", The British Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. 12 Iss: 2, pp.23 - 31
Keywords:2D: 4D digit ratio, Cognitive empathy, Psychopathy, RMET
Article type:General review
DOI:10.5042/bjfp.2010.0183 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:This study investigates whether a higher level of pre-natal testosterone, as indicated by the 2D: 4D digit ratio, is a correlate of psychopathy and cognitive empathy. The main research hypothesis predicts that 2D: 4D digit ratios will correlate negatively with psychopathy scores and positively with cognitive empathy scores. The study facilitates a within-subjects correlational design, using a quasi-experimental method consisting of questionnaires and digit measurements. Fifty-four participants volunteered and were gathered via purposive and convenience sampling. Each participant completed a self-report psychopathy scale, a cognitive empathy test, a verbal IQ test and a scan of both hands. The scans were later measured and computed for digit ratios. T-tests, multiple partial correlations and multiple regression found that, contrary to the research hypothesis, a higher level of pre-natal oestrogen, as indicated by a larger 2D: 4D digit ratio, is a positive correlate of psychopathy in females, and a positive correlate of callous affect (psychopathy sub-scale) in males, at less than 0.01 probability levels. Gender is also a correlate of psychopathy, as males scored significantly higher than females at 0.01 probability levels. This result sheds an interesting new light on the physiological correlates of psychopathy and the role that pre-natal oestrogen plays in organisational effects on the brain during pre- and post-natal development.

Fulltext Options:



Existing customers: login
to access this document


- Forgot password?
- Athens/Institutional login



Downloadable; Printable; Owned
HTML, PDF (159kb)Purchase

To purchase this item please login or register.


- Forgot password?

Recommend to your librarian

Complete and print this form to request this document from your librarian

Marked list

Bookmark & share

Reprints & permissions