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Journal cover: Journal of European Industrial Training

Journal of European Industrial Training

ISSN: 0309-0590
Currently published as: European Journal of Training and Development

Online from: 1977

Subject Area: Learning and Development

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Instructional materials: their preparation and evaluation

Document Information:
Title:Instructional materials: their preparation and evaluation
Author(s):Clifton P. Campbell, (Professor, Human Resource Development at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA)
Citation:Clifton P. Campbell, (1999) "Instructional materials: their preparation and evaluation", Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 23 Iss: 2, pp.57 - 107
Keywords:Effectiveness, Evaluation, Flowcharts, Information, Instructions, Performance, Procedures, Quality, Training
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/03090599910257515 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:MCB UP Ltd
Abstract:Instructional materials enhance the teaching/learning process by exhibiting information necessary to acquire knowledge and skills. Focuses on printed forms of instructional materials and provides detailed information, including examples, on five types of job performance aids, three types of instruction sheets, and two types of modules. Checklists of considerations that affect the quality of finished products are also provided. Job performance aids (JPAs)provide procedural or factual guidance in the performance of tasks. They store essential details in a variety of functional forms for use just before or during task performance. Research shows that JPAs are a cost-effective supplement or alternative to training. They reduce the time needed to master task performance and facilitate the transfer of learning from the training setting to the job. Instruction sheets assure that all trainees have the same complete and accurate information for performing practical work and for completing assignments. These sheets also help manage large groups of trainees with diverse abilities who are working simultaneously at several different tasks. Modules are carefully structured documents which facilitate self-directed and self-paced learning. While their components may vary, modules typically include learning objectives, an introduction, instructional content, directions, learning activities, and test questions with feedback answers. With modules, trainees assume personal responsibility for their progress. Regardless of the care used in their preparation, all types of instructional materials must be evaluated prior to general use. Presents a comprehensive quality control procedure for confirming effectiveness and value. This was prepared to enhance both formal classroom instruction and individual study. Figures, tables, checklists, appendices, and a glossary of keywords and terms, supplement the text in explaining the content.

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