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Journal cover: International Journal of Manpower

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Online from: 1980

Subject Area: Economics

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The effects of cross-cultural training on the acculturation process of the global workforce

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Title:The effects of cross-cultural training on the acculturation process of the global workforce
Author(s):Norhayati Zakaria, (University Utara Malaysia, Jitra Kedah, Malaysia)
Citation:Norhayati Zakaria, (2000) "The effects of cross-cultural training on the acculturation process of the global workforce", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 21 Iss: 6, pp.492 - 510
Keywords:Acculturation, Cross-cultural management, Globalization
Article type:Conceptual Paper
DOI:10.1108/01437720010377837 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:MCB UP Ltd
Abstract:Cross-cultural training is fast becoming a recognizably important component in the world of international business. This paper discusses the effectiveness of cross-cultural training in facilitating the process of acculturation, and in developing the culture-specific and culture-general skills needed to increase the sociocultural and psychological adjustments of sojourners and expatriates when they encounter a foreign culture. A new cross-cultural training model is created by integrating acculturation and training effectiveness models. This new model suggests that providing two different types of training program prior to cultural contact will help recipients to effectively modify existing culture-general and culture-specific skills. As a consequence, they will achieve a higher degree of sociocultural and psychological adjustment. Experiential training should trigger affective and behavioral responses, which are the basis of intercultural effectiveness skills, and thus enhance psychological adjustment. By contrast, cognitive training should trigger cognitive responses, especially cultural awareness and interpersonal skills, and enhance sociocultural adjustment.

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