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Journal cover: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management

ISSN: 1363-951X
Previously published as: Police Studies: Intnl Review of Police Development
Incorporates: American Journal of Police

Online from: 1997

Subject Area: Industry and Public Sector Management

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Reading about “community (oriented) policing” and police models

Document Information:
Title:Reading about “community (oriented) policing” and police models
Author(s):Paul Ponsaers, (Department of Penal Law and Criminology, University of Ghent, Belgium)
Citation:Paul Ponsaers, (2001) "Reading about “community (oriented) policing” and police models", Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 24 Iss: 4, pp.470 - 497
Keywords:Accountability, Community relations, Modelling, Police, Problem identification, Procedures
Article type:General review
DOI:10.1108/EUM0000000006496 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:MCB UP Ltd
Abstract:Discusses the actual conceptions about policing used by social scientists. Police models are central entities of thoughts and ideas on policing, which include an observable internal coherence. Stresses that there are in fact only four central police models: the military-bureaucratic model; the lawful policing model; community-oriented policing (COP); and public-private divide policing. Precisely in articulating COP against its negative references, the essence becomes clearer. Concludes that each concrete police apparatus can be considered as a combination of police models. The democratization process can be endangered by the growing dominance of a public-private (divide) police model. That is the main reason why it is important to encourage the search for a more profound theoretical basis for policing the community.

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