Online from: 1945
Subject Area: Library and Information Studies
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|Title:||Credibility on the internet: shifting from authority to reliability|
|Author(s):||R. David Lankes, (School of Information Studies, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, USA)|
|Citation:||R. David Lankes, (2008) "Credibility on the internet: shifting from authority to reliability", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 64 Iss: 5, pp.667 - 686|
|Keywords:||Information science, Internet, Library users, Trust, User studies|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/00220410810899709 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||This paper was made possible by grants from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation in connection with its grant making initiative on Digital Media and Learning. For more information on the initiative, visit: www.macfound.org|
Purpose – This paper seeks to understand how users determine credibility in the internet environment from a conceptual level and the implications of these new methods of credibility determination on internet tools (primarily software) and services.
Design/methodology/approach – The author first examines the underlying reasons for increased dependence on the internet for information, using electronic commerce as a starting point. The central concept of “information self-sufficiency” is introduced and then examined through the lens of the internet and conversation theory.
Findings – The author finds that users are shifting from more traditional “authority” methods of credibility determination, where users cede determinations to trusted third parties, to a “reliability” approach where users seek commonalities and coherence among multiple information sources. This has led to an increased pressure for participation and openness at all levels of the internet.
Research limitations/implications – Studies on users and credibility must better account for often invisible technical factors.
Practical implications – Libraries must take into account a greater need for participation and technical fluency when dealing with patrons, particularly in information literacy programs and instruction.
Originality/value – This paper presents a large-scale conceptual approach to credibility on the internet. It seeks to inform current approaches to the subject nested in communications and instruction with the unique technical environment of the internet.
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