Online from: 1980
Subject Area: Economics
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|Title:||The gender gap in early career in Mongolia|
|Author(s):||Francesco Pastore, (Seconda Università di Napoli, Naples, Italy and IZA, Bonn, Germany)|
|Citation:||Francesco Pastore, (2010) "The gender gap in early career in Mongolia", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 31 Iss: 2, pp.188 - 207|
|Keywords:||Mathematical modelling, Mongolia, Pay, Sexual discrimination, Youth|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/01437721011042269 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||This paper elaborates on findings of research work carried out as part of the project “Promoting decent and productive work for young women and men in Mongolia”, within the framework of the ILO/Korea Partnership programme. The findings were circulated in ILO Employment Working Paper No. 14. Special thanks are due to all those who carried out the Mongolian SWTS. The author also wishes to thank Claire Harasty and Diego Rei as well as two referees for useful comments on an earlier version of the paper. The usual disclaimer applies.|
Purpose – The paper's aim is to study the determinants of gender differences in early career in Mongolia, one of the 50 poorest countries of the world.
Design/methodology/approach – The analysis takes advantage of an
Findings – On average, female wages are not lower than those of males. However, although not statistically significant among teenagers (15-19), the conditional gender gap becomes significant and sizeable for the over-20s. The JMP decomposition shows that most of the gap is due to differences in the way the market values the same characteristics of men and women: in fact, quantity effects tend to reduce, whereas price effects tend to increase the gap. If wages were paid equally, women should have 11.7 per cent more for their higher education attainment and overall 22 per cent more, a substantial gap for the low earnings of Mongolians.
Research limitations/implications – Future research should assess the impact of aspirations of young people on their labour market choices.
Practical implications – The analysis shows that gender differences emerge in concomitance with women establishing a household and giving birth, suggesting that the current interventions to help mothers cope with maternity are insufficient. Changing this outcome is important to reach the Millennium Development Goals.
Originality/value – Labour market issues in Mongolia are under-studied, not to mention gender differences in early career. This paper fills some of the gaps.
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