Online from: 1981
Subject Area: Industry and Public Sector Management
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|Title:||How do employed women perceive the reconciliation of work and family life?: A seven-country comparison of the impact of family policies on women's employment|
|Author(s):||Marina Hennig, (Institute of Sociology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany), Stefan Stuth, (Social Science Research Center, Berlin, Germany), Mareike Ebach, (Social Science Research Center, Berlin, Germany), Anna Erika Hägglund, (Social Science Research Center, Berlin, Germany)|
|Citation:||Marina Hennig, Stefan Stuth, Mareike Ebach, Anna Erika Hägglund, (2012) "How do employed women perceive the reconciliation of work and family life?: A seven-country comparison of the impact of family policies on women's employment", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 32 Iss: 9/10, pp.513 - 529|
|Keywords:||Denmark, Employment, Family, Finland, France, Germany, Labour market, Social policy, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Women|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/01443331211257625 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The authors gratefully acknowledge funding by the German Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, and thank the Social Science Research Center Berlin for financial and academic support throughout the whole project.|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze how employed women perceive the reconciliation of work and family life in Denmark, Germany, France, Finland, Great Britain, Sweden and Switzerland. The paper seeks to explore why women in certain countries are more successful in combining family responsibilities with gainful employment.
Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2005, the questions are addressed by applying country specific linear regression analysis at the individual level, correlations at the country level as well as policy analysis.
Findings – The analysis shows that the most important factors influencing employed women's perception of the reconciliation are work load, the presence of children in the household and part-time employment. In addition, the findings point at cross-national differences. In countries where family policies focus on integrating men and women into the labour market, women rate the reconciliation of work and family life higher than in countries whose family policies aim at supporting the family.
Research limitations/implications – By comparing seven European countries the paper shows that family policies are closely related to employed women's perceptions of the reconciliation. In order to understand the interaction between the individual perception and the institutional framework, the paper suggests that further research is needed on women's perceptions in each country.
Originality/value – The paper explores how employed women perceive the reconciliation of work and family life in seven European countries and explains the differences by means of family policies.
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