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Journal cover: Journal of Management Development

Journal of Management Development

ISSN: 0262-1711

Online from: 1982

Subject Area: Human Resource Management

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The effect of organisational culture and leadership style on job satisfaction and organisational commitment: A cross-national comparison


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Title:The effect of organisational culture and leadership style on job satisfaction and organisational commitment: A cross-national comparison
Author(s):Peter Lok, (Australian Graduate School of Management, UNSW, New South Wales, Australia), John Crawford, (School of Management, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)
Citation:Peter Lok, John Crawford, (2004) "The effect of organisational culture and leadership style on job satisfaction and organisational commitment: A cross-national comparison", Journal of Management Development, Vol. 23 Iss: 4, pp.321 - 338
Keywords:Job commitment, Job satisfaction, Leadership, National cultures, Organizational culture
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/02621710410529785 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:This study examined the effects of organisational culture and leadership styles on job satisfaction and organisational commitment in samples of Hong Kong and Australian managers. Statistically significant differences between the two samples were found for measures of innovative and supportive organizational cultures, job satisfaction and organizational commitment, with the Australian sample having higher mean scores on all these variables. However, differences between the two samples for job satisfaction and commitment were removed after statistically controlling for organizational culture, leadership and respondents' demographic characteristics. For the combined samples, innovative and supportive cultures, and a consideration leadership style, had positive effects on both job satisfaction and commitment, with the effects of an innovative culture on satisfaction and commitment, and the effect of a consideration leadership style on commitment, being stronger in the Australian sample. Also, an “initiating Structure” leadership style had a negative effect on job satisfaction for the combined sample. Participants' level of education was found to have a slight negative effect on satisfaction, and a slight positive effect on commitment. National culture was found to moderate the effect of respondents' age on satisfaction, with the effect being more positive amongst Hong Kong managers.



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