Online from: 1986
Subject Area: Human Resource Management
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|Title:||The role of star performers in software design teams|
|Author(s):||Judith Volmer, (Department of Psychology, Social Psychology Group, University of Erlangen, Nuremberg, Germany), Sabine Sonnentag, (Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany)|
|Citation:||Judith Volmer, Sabine Sonnentag, (2011) "The role of star performers in software design teams", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 26 Iss: 3, pp.219 - 234|
|Keywords:||Team performance, Team working|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/02683941111112659 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||This research was funded by a grant from the German Research Foundation (DFG; SO 295/3-1, 3-2) that is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are particularly grateful to the members of the ikoso teams at the Technical University of Braunschweig and the University of Konstanz for their valuable support during data collection. The authors would also like to thank Andrea E. Abele, Carmen Binnewies, Susanne Bruckmueller, Cornelia Niessen, and Mirjam Uchronski for constructive comments on an earlier version of this paper.|
Purpose – This study seeks to extend previous research on experts with mainly
Design/methodology/approach – Longitudinal, multi-source data from 96 professional software design engineers were used by means of hierarchical regression analyses.
Findings – The results show that both expert members in task functions (i.e. behavior that aids directly in the completion of work-related activities) and the experts in team functions (i.e. facilitation of interpersonal interaction necessary to work together as a team) positively predicted team performance 12 months later over and above the team's average expertise level.
Research limitations/implications – Samples from other industry types are needed to examine the generalizability of the study findings to other occupational groups.
Practical implications – For staffing, the findings suggest that experts are particularly important for the prediction of team performance. Organizations should invest effort into finding “star performers” in task and team functions in order to create effective teams.
Originality/value – This paper focuses on the relationship between experts (in task functions and team functions) and team performance. It extends prior research on team composition and complements expertise research: similar to cognitive ability and personality, it is important to take into account member expertise when examining how to manage the people mix within teams. Benefits of expertise are not restricted to laboratory research but are broadened to real-world team settings.
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