Online from: 1972
Subject Area: Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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|Title:||Testing Turing's five minutes, parallel-paired imitation game|
|Author(s):||Huma Shah, (School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading, Reading, UK), Kevin Warwick, (School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading, Reading, UK)|
|Citation:||Huma Shah, Kevin Warwick, (2010) "Testing Turing's five minutes, parallel-paired imitation game", Kybernetes, Vol. 39 Iss: 3, pp.449 - 465|
|Keywords:||Artificial intelligence, Cybernetics|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/03684921011036178 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider Turing's two tests for machine intelligence: the parallel-paired, three-participants game presented in his 1950 paper, and the “jury-service” one-to-one measure described two years later in a radio broadcast. Both versions were instantiated in practical Turing tests during the 18th Loebner Prize for artificial intelligence hosted at the University of Reading, UK, in October 2008. This involved jury-service tests in the preliminary phase and parallel-paired in the final phase.
Design/methodology/approach – Almost 100 test results from the final have been evaluated and this paper reports some intriguing nuances which arose as a result of the unique contest.
Findings – In the 2008 competition, Turing's 30 per cent pass rate is not achieved by any machine in the parallel-paired tests but Turing's modified prediction: “at least in a hundred years time” is remembered.
Originality/value – The paper presents actual responses from “modern Elizas” to human interrogators during contest dialogues that show considerable improvement in artificial conversational entities (ACE). Unlike their ancestor – Weizenbaum's natural language understanding system – ACE are now able to recall, share information and disclose personal interests.
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