Online from: 1972
Subject Area: Mechanical & Materials Engineering
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|Title:||Performance of nanosilica in acrylic polyol 2K polyurethane coatings|
|Author(s):||A.P. Kabra, (Department of Polymer Engineering and Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India), P. Mahanwar, (Department of Polymer Engineering and Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India), V. Shertukde, (Department of Polymer Engineering and Technology, University Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India), V. Bambole, (Department of Physics, University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India)|
|Citation:||A.P. Kabra, P. Mahanwar, V. Shertukde, V. Bambole, (2012) "Performance of nanosilica in acrylic polyol 2K polyurethane coatings", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 41 Iss: 4, pp.230 - 239|
|Keywords:||Acrylic polyols, Coatings technology, High performance coatings, Nanocoatings, Nanosilica, Organic/inorganic hybrid coatings, Polyurethane, Two component polyurethane coatings|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/03699421211242464 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to formulate two component polyurethane coatings based on acrylic polyol, to study the effects of variable nanosilica loadings in these coatings on different morphological, optical, mechanical, corrosion resistance and weather resistance properties and to study the intercalation of acrylic polyol molecules into nanosilica crystals by XRD technique.
Design/methodology/approach – Two component polyurethane coatings were synthesised using acrylic polyol and isocyanate HDI. The nanosilica was incorporated in polyurethane formulation at the weight ratios of 1%, 3% and 5% based on total weight of polyol and isocyanate. The performance of nanocoatings was compared for variable loads of nanosilica for different properties such as morphological, optical, mechanical, corrosion resistance, weather resistance and were studied for intercalation of acrylic polyol into nanosilica crystals by XRD technique.
Findings – Improvement in the properties of polyurethane coatings is achieved with the incorporation of nanosilica. The improvement is the result of inherently high properties of inorganic nanosilica. Tensile strength, scratch hardness, abrasion resistance, corrosion and weathering resistance show significant improvement in performance with the incorporation of nanosilica. Properties are found to deteriorate beyond a certain loading of nanosilica; hence it is important to optimise loading level. The optimal range for high performance was found to be in the range of 1% to 3%. The improvement was a result of synergistic behaviour and good interfacial interaction between polyurethane and nanosilica at optimal levels.
Research limitations/implications – The method used for incorporation of nanosilica into polyurethane was direct incorporation method. The other method of incorporation, i.e.
Practical implications – With the addition of optimal loading level of nanosilica to polyurethane coatings, properties can be enhanced up to the mark. The addition is relatively easy and cost effective.
Originality/value – The paper proves the significance of incorporation of nanosilica on original properties of polyurethane coatings and widens the area of applications of two component polyurethane coatings from acrylic polyol by strengthening them in their properties. The coatings can be applicable in high performance topcoats especially for automotive topcoats.
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