Online from: 1989
Subject Area: Mechanical & Materials Engineering
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|Title:||Improvement of dentist gowns – new constraints and new risks|
|Author(s):||Marie Schacher, (Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France), Youssef Haïkel, (Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France), Stéphane Berger, (ENSITM – LPMT, Mulhouse, France), Laurence Schacher, (ENSITM – LPMT, Mulhouse, France), Dominique C. Adolphe, (ENSITM – LPMT, Mulhouse, France)|
|Citation:||Marie Schacher, Youssef Haïkel, Stéphane Berger, Laurence Schacher, Dominique C. Adolphe, (2009) "Improvement of dentist gowns – new constraints and new risks", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 21 Iss: 4, pp.180 - 192|
|Keywords:||Dentists, Design, Health services, Protective clothing, Textiles|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/09556220910959963 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – For years, the main reason for using textiles in the health care sector was to protect the patient from the medical staff. Nowadays, the garment has to play another role and protect the wearer. For dentists, risks can come from saliva which is considered potentially infectious because it frequently contains blood. This paper aims to define dentist gown specifications according to the new situation, and to propose new garments providing safety protective function as well as comfort.
Design/methodology/approach – Enquiries, direct interviews as well as internet forums have been used to extract dentists' requirements taking into account their need of barrier and their comfort concerns. Studies of the spraying area on the gowns have been performed to define the location of the required protection. A study of the warmer zone of the garment via IR camera has been done. Two prototypes have then been constructed and tested.
Findings – Images of impacts of drops that could cause cross-infection allow defining the zones which are to be specifically protected. Thermographic images provide maps of hot zones of the garment when worn in working conditions, and information is obtained of desired open space zones which have been designed to create preferential ventilation required for comfort improvement. A second prototype was designed to improve results of the first one.
Practical implications – Replacement of current dentists garment in routine situation.
Originality/value – Dentists' gowns used in dental care have not been studied and not been redesigned yet, whereas new dentists are facing new risks and eagerly looking for personal protective equipment providing safety protective function as well as comfort.
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