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Journal cover: Journal of Educational Administration

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Online from: 1963

Subject Area: Education

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Principals’ optimism and perceived school effectiveness


Document Information:
Title:Principals’ optimism and perceived school effectiveness
Author(s):Mary M. Harris, (Director of Special Education, Juniata County Schools, Mifflintown, Pennsylvania, USA), Donald J. Willower, (Department of Education Policy Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA)
Citation:Mary M. Harris, Donald J. Willower, (1998) "Principals’ optimism and perceived school effectiveness", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 36 Iss: 4, pp.353 - 361
Keywords:Effectiveness, Hierarchy, Perceptions, Schools
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/09578239810211536 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:MCB UP Ltd
Abstract:Hypotheses on principals’ optimism, teacher perceptions of that optimism, and of school effectiveness were tested. The school was the unit of analysis. Teachers and principals in 50 secondary schools responded to two standard measures. To avoid same respondent bias, about half of the teachers in each school completed one instrument, half the other. Teacher perceptions of their principal’s optimism and of their school’s effectiveness were correlated, but the principal’s self-reported optimism was not a predictor of perceived effectiveness. The congruence of teacher perceptions of the principal’s optimism and the measured optimism was associated with perceived school effectiveness. Teachers saw the principals to be less optimistic than the principals scored; however, teacher perceptions of optimism and self-reported optimism were correlated across schools. We suggested explanations for this unusual combination of significant difference with significant correlation, and for other findings



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