Online from: 1971
Subject Area: Operations and Logistics Management
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|Title:||The design of logistics operations for the Olympic Games|
|Author(s):||Ioannis Minis, (Department of Financial and Management Engineering, Aegean University, Chios, Greece), Marion Paraschi, (Elanet, Athens, Greece), Apostolos Tzimourtas, (Hellenic Railways, Athens, Greece)|
|Citation:||Ioannis Minis, Marion Paraschi, Apostolos Tzimourtas, (2006) "The design of logistics operations for the Olympic Games", International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 36 Iss: 8, pp.621 - 642|
|Keywords:||Business planning, Logistics data processing, Olympic Games|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/09600030610702899 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – This paper aims to focus on the design of the organization, processes, and systems of Olympic logistics.
Design/methodology/approach – A systematic methodology has been developed to design the strategy and tactics of logistics operations for the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. This methodology considers Olympic-specific characteristics, host country characteristics, as well as lessons learned from previous games. It comprises the generation, analysis and evaluation of strategic alternatives, the development of core business processes and the prediction of resource requirements. Furthermore, the proposed method provides guidelines to complement the experiential knowledge that has been used exclusively in the past to plan the logistics operations of the games and similar large-scale events.
Findings – Successful design principles, such as model venue planning, standardization of materials, the establishment of the Logistics Command Center (LCC), as well as establishment of an independent administration function, can be applied regardless of the specific characteristics of the host country. However, there are principles such as outsourcing, warehousing, or just-in-time (JIT) deliveries, that are based on certain specific characteristics (constraints/advantages) of the host country, such as a mature 3PL market, the existence and availability of large warehouses, and the completion of the venues in sufficient time prior to the beginning of the games.
Practical implications – The proposed design process provides generic rules that may be applied to guide the set up of operations for future games. Furthermore, the paper offers some useful insights applicable to the logistics of large events.
Originality/value – It is the first time that a systematic view of Olympic logistics is dealt with, as opposed to experiential knowledge with local applicability that has been used in the past to plan similar operations.
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