Online from: 1992
Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment
Options: To add Favourites and Table of Contents Alerts please take a Emerald profile
|Title:||The ethics of disaster management|
|Author(s):||Sara Kathleen Geale, (SAMSO Learning and Development (SLD), Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)|
|Citation:||Sara Kathleen Geale, (2012) "The ethics of disaster management", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 21 Iss: 4, pp.445 - 462|
|Keywords:||Disaster education, Disaster relief, Disasters, Education, Ethics, Literature review, Research|
|Article type:||Literature review|
|DOI:||10.1108/09653561211256152 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The author hereby declares that none of the data used in preparation of this manuscript were obtained from Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, Saudi Aramco. All data were compiled from a literature review and were part of her work towards a PhD in Health Services with Walden University (www.waldenu.edu).|
Purpose – Ethics is the foundation on which societies and cultures are based and are fundamental to political, social and economic decision making. Ethical dilemmas have created controversy and heated debate over the years. Disasters have been defined in public health terms as destructive events that result in the need for a wide range of emergency resources to assist and ensure the survival of the stricken population. Lack of medical resources, in conjunction with a mass casualty situation, can present specific ethical challenges. The purpose of this paper is to explore the ethics of disaster management.
Design/methodology/approach – In and after a disaster, ethical questions arise regarding appropriate and fair allocation of relief funds to help with recovery. Research in disaster settings poses unique ethical dilemmas. The researcher must determine how to balance the critical need for research with the ethical obligation of respect for, and protection of, the interests of research participants. Ethics as part of an educational program made available to health care providers may assist disaster responders to make the difficult ethical decisions involved in disasters. This literature review discusses these issues in conjunction with disaster response and recovery.
Findings – The cardinal virtues of disaster response are prudence, courage, justice, stewardship, vigilance, resilience, self-effacing charity and communication. These eight virtues are not considered all inclusive, no more than Aristotle considered that his morals or virtues were all inclusive. Ongoing work in disaster management will help to ensure that such situations are managed in an ethical manner that respects the rights and privileges of all those involved.
Research limitations/implications – The literature reviewed for this paper was based on peer reviewed scholarly writings. Concepts of ethics and justice are important issues in disaster situations. This paper offers ideas to prompt further discussion among disaster managers and students of disaster studies.
Practical implications – Social changes are reliant on an understanding of ethics and how it affects society. This paper puts forward ethical concepts to prompt discussion by disaster responders and managers with the hope of improving disaster management.
Originality/value – The paper is an original document that may be useful to students of disaster management and those who teach disaster management
To purchase this item please login or register.
Complete and print this form to request this document from your librarian