Online from: 1992
Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment
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|Title:||Preparedness of schools in the Province of Jeddah to deal with earthquakes risks|
|Author(s):||Naill M. Momani, (Business and Economics School, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), Asad Salmi, (Excellence of Business Continuity and Crises Management, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)|
|Citation:||Naill M. Momani, Asad Salmi, (2012) "Preparedness of schools in the Province of Jeddah to deal with earthquakes risks", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 21 Iss: 4, pp.463 - 473|
|Keywords:||Earthquakes, Saudi Arabia, School preparedness, School vulnerability, Schools, Schools earthquake risk|
|Article type:||Case study|
|DOI:||10.1108/09653561211256161 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to measure the willingness of general education schools (governmental and private) in the Mecca region to deal with the threat of earthquakes through the identification of the preparedness of school buildings, the differences in the willingness of schools, and examine the relationship between the exposure to previous crises and readiness for future crises.
Design/methodology/approach – The authors used a survey method to explore and determine the readiness range of schools by distributing a questionnaire to school principals. The questionnaire measures the readiness range of the institutions to counter earthquake threat through six main fields which were developed based on Federal Emergency Management Agency Resources (www.fema.gov) and were used in developing an earthquake consequences model (Al Momani), namely: previous emergencies measures, previous earthquake experience measures, earthquake mitigation measures, earthquake preparedness measures, earthquake response measures and earthquake recovery measures.
Findings – It is apparent that schools are not prepared to deal with future earthquakes regardless of their types (public vs private) and levels (primary, elementary, secondary) which require establishing a department for disaster and crisis management within the public administration of Education headed by a specialist in disasters and crises management to make sure that current school campus, under construction campus, or leased buildings be prepared to deal with disasters and crises as they occur in non-hazardous locations, compatible with building codes, and equipped with safety means. It is important to prepare a public emergency plan for disasters and crises and to train school administrators and teachers to prepare contingency plans for disaster management in school. Finally, there is a need to prepare disasters awareness programs benefiting from public and private media, internet, and workshops through utilizing experiences of other developed countries in disasters and crises management especially for schools.
Originality/value – This research could be used to augment the need of developing education system preparedness in Jeddah Province through implementing effective mitigation, preparedness, and response, as well as recovery options.
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