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Journal cover: Disaster Prevention and Management

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Online from: 1992

Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment

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Disaster preparedness and humanitarian response in flood and landslide-affected communities in Eastern Uganda


Document Information:
Title:Disaster preparedness and humanitarian response in flood and landslide-affected communities in Eastern Uganda
Author(s):Shannon Doocy, (Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA), Evan Russell, (Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA), Yuri Gorokhovich, (Department of Environmental, Geographic, and Geological Sciences, Lehman College, CUNY, New York, New York, USA), Thomas Kirsch, (Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA)
Citation:Shannon Doocy, Evan Russell, Yuri Gorokhovich, Thomas Kirsch, (2013) "Disaster preparedness and humanitarian response in flood and landslide-affected communities in Eastern Uganda", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 22 Iss: 4, pp.326 - 339
Keywords:Disaster preparedness, Floods, Humanitarian assistance, Landslides, Uganda
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/DPM-10-2012-0108 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Acknowledgements:Special thanks to faculty at Makerere University School of Public Health, including Drs William Bazeyo, Roy Mayega, and Juliet Kiguli who helped to facilitate the study. The authors are also most grateful for the support of our Ugandan field team, including Moses Mande, Pande Gerald, Mercy Mutuwa, Eva Nalwanga, Lillian Nabafu, Felix Walyawula, John Bosco Isunju, Ben Mooya, Lubunde Edward along with our US-based collaborators Daniela Lewy and Tajib Rahman.This research was funded by the National Science Foundation (grant #0624106).
Abstract:

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to characterize and investigate relationships between disaster preparedness, impacts, and humanitarian response among Eastern Uganda populations affected by the 2010 landslides and floods.

Design/methodology/approach – A stratified cluster survey of the disaster-affected populations was conducted five months after the onset of the disasters. Probability proportional to size sampling was used to sample 800 households, including 400 affected by floods in Butaleja District and 400 affected by landslides in Bududa District.

Findings – Mortality was significantly higher in the landslide-affected populations as compared to flood-affected populations (deaths reported: 4.5 vs 1.6 percent, p<0.01) whereas injuries were more common in the flood-affected areas (injuries reported: 3.1 vs 1.1 percent, p<0.01). Livelihoods impacts were widespread and reported in more than 95 percent of households. Respondents indicated that the community and government were unprepared to respond in both flood (90.5 and 77.8 percent, respectively) and landslide (95.3 and 74.9 percent) affected areas.

Practical implications – The majority of households felt that both their communities and the government were unprepared to respond to disasters. Given the likelihood for recurrence of natural disasters in these communities, expansion of both community-based disaster preparedness (CBDP) programs and their evidence base should be prioritized.

Originality/value – There is a paucity of evidence on community perceptions of disaster preparedness and on CBDP programs. The paper highlights these issues in the context of two disasters in Uganda and calls for expansion of the evidence based to inform risk reduction strategies in low-income settings.



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