Online from: 1992
Subject Area: Health Care Management/Healthcare
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|Title:||Associations between Finnish 9th grade students' school perceptions, health behaviors, and family factors|
|Author(s):||Haapasalo Ilona, (Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland), Välimaa Raili, (Department of Health Sciences, Research Center for Health Promotion, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland), Kannas Lasse, (Department of Health Sciences, Research Center for Health Promotion, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland)|
|Citation:||Haapasalo Ilona, Välimaa Raili, Kannas Lasse, (2012) "Associations between Finnish 9th grade students' school perceptions, health behaviors, and family factors", Health Education, Vol. 112 Iss: 3, pp.256 - 271|
|Keywords:||Adolescents, Behaviour, Family, Health, School perceptions, Schools|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/09654281211217786 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The present study is part of a larger research project “Students' Engagement in School Life (STAGE)” which is a joint project of the Institute for Educational Research, the Department of Education, and the Research Center for Health Promotion at the University of Jyväskylä and is coordinated by Professor Jouni Välijärvi. This study is funded by the Academy of Finland (111091) and Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.|
Purpose – The aim of this study was to examine the associations between students' perceptions of the psychosocial school environment, health-compromising behaviours, and selected family factors. The analyses were based on data provided for the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study (2006).
Design/methodology/approach – The data were obtained from 1,670 Finnish 9th graders. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between school perceptions, health-compromising behaviours, and selected family factors.
Findings – Educational aspiration was found to be the most influential factor connected to health-compromising behaviour among both genders, favouring students who were intending to apply to upper secondary school. The results also indicated that all the measured dimensions of school perceptions were associated with health-compromising behaviours: the more negative the perceptions, the more health-compromising were the behaviours. The associations were somewhat different between girls and boys. In terms of engaging in health-compromising behaviours, there was an association with school-related social relationships among boys. By contrast, among girls, other aspects of the psychosocial school environment were more important, for example engagement with the school and school strain. The role of parental bonding and monitoring was also significant among girls.
Originality/value – The findings imply that attention should be paid to the health-promoting factors of the school, and to gender differences, not merely in planning prevention or intervention, but in everyday school life.
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