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Journal cover: Rapid Prototyping Journal

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Online from: 1995

Subject Area: Mechanical & Materials Engineering

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Obtaining desired surface roughness of castings produced using ZCast direct metal casting process through Taguchi's experimental approach


Document Information:
Title:Obtaining desired surface roughness of castings produced using ZCast direct metal casting process through Taguchi's experimental approach
Author(s):Munish Chhabra, (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad, India), Rupinder Singh, (Department of Production Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana, India)
Citation:Munish Chhabra, Rupinder Singh, (2012) "Obtaining desired surface roughness of castings produced using ZCast direct metal casting process through Taguchi's experimental approach", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 18 Iss: 6, pp.458 - 471
Keywords:Foundry engineering, Metals, Rapid casting, Surface properties of materials, Surface-roughness measurement, Taguchi's design of experiment method, Three dimensional printing, ZCast direct metal casting
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/13552541211272009 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Abstract:

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate experimentally the effect of volume of casting, pouring temperature of different materials and shell mould wall thickness on the surface roughness of the castings obtained by using ZCast direct metal casting process.

Design/methodology/approach – Taguchi's design of experiment approach was used for this investigation. An L9 orthogonal array (OA) of Taguchi design which involves nine experiments for three factors with three levels was used. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was then performed on S/N (signal-to-noise) ratios to determine the statistical significance and contribution of each factor on the surface roughness of the castings. The castings were obtained using the shell moulds fabricated with the ZCast process and the surface roughness of castings was measured by using the surface roughness tester.

Findings – Taguchi's analysis results showed that pouring temperature of materials was the most significant factor in deciding the surface roughness of the castings and the shell mould wall thickness was the next most significant factor, whereas volume of casting was found insignificant. Confirmation test was also carried out using the optimal values of factor levels to confirm the effectiveness of this approach. The predicted optimal value of surface roughness of castings produced by ZCast process was 6.47 microns.

Originality/value – The paper presents experimentally investigated data regarding the influence of various control factors on the surface roughness of castings produced by using ZCast process. The data may help to enhance the application of ZCast process in traditional foundry practice.



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