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Journal cover: Rapid Prototyping Journal

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Online from: 1995

Subject Area: Mechanical & Materials Engineering

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Fatigue performance of additive manufactured metallic parts

Document Information:
Title:Fatigue performance of additive manufactured metallic parts
Author(s):A.B. Spierings, (Institute for Rapid Product Development (IRPD), INSPIRE – AG für mechatronische Produktionssysteme und Fertigungstechnik, St Gallen, Switzerland), T.L. Starr, (Chemical Engineering Department, J.B. Speed School of Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA), K. Wegener, (INSPIRE – AG für mechatronische Produktionssysteme und Fertigungstechnik, Zurich, Switzerland)
Citation:A.B. Spierings, T.L. Starr, K. Wegener, (2013) "Fatigue performance of additive manufactured metallic parts", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 19 Iss: 2, pp.88 - 94
Keywords:Additive manufacturing technologies, Advanced manufacturing technologies, Direct metal laser sintering, Fatigue, Mechanical behaviour of materials, Selective laser melting, Stainless steel
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/13552541311302932 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Acknowledgements:The authors gratefully acknowledge Mr A. Frauchiger, who was responsible for the SLM production of the 316L specimens, and Messrs Christopher Scherzer and Alex Smith for the production of the 15-5PH specimens and for fatigue testing of the materials. The support of the US Office of Naval Research also is acknowledged.

Purpose – Additive manufacturing technologies such as, for example, selective laser melting (SLM) offer new design possibilities for a wide range of applications and industrial sectors. Whereas many results have been published regarding material options and their static mechanical properties, the knowledge about their dynamic mechanical behaviour is still low. The purpose of this paper is to deal with the measurement of the dynamic mechanical properties of two types of stainless steels.

Design/methodology/approach – Specimens for dynamic testing were produced in a vertical orientation using SLM. The specimens were turned to the required end geometry and some of them were polished in order to minimise surface effects. Additionally, some samples were produced in the end geometry (“near net shape”) to investigate the effect of the comparably rough surface quality on the lifetime. The samples were tension-tested and the results were compared to similar conventional materials.

Findings – The SLM-fabricated stainless steels show tensile and fatigue behaviour comparable to conventionally processed materials. For SS316L the fatigue life is 25 per cent lower than conventional material, but lifetimes at higher stress amplitudes are similar. For 15-5PH the endurance limit is 20 per cent lower than conventional material. Lifetimes at higher stress also are significantly lower for this material although the surface conditions were different for the two tests. The influence of surface quality was investigated for 316L. Polishing produced an improvement in fatigue life but lifetime behaviour at higher stress amplitudes was not significantly different compared to the behaviour of the as-fabricated material.

Originality/value – In order to widen the field of applications for additive manufacturing technologies, the knowledge about the materials properties is essential, especially about the dynamic mechanical behaviour. The current study is the only published report of fatigue properties of SLM-fabricated stainless steels.

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