Previously published as: Employee Counselling Today
Online from: 1997
Subject Area: Learning and Development
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|Title:||Can an opportunity to learn at work reduce stress?: A revisitation of the job demand-control model|
|Author(s):||Chiara Panari, (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy), Dina Guglielmi, (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy), Silvia Simbula, (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy), Marco Depolo, (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy)|
|Citation:||Chiara Panari, Dina Guglielmi, Silvia Simbula, Marco Depolo, (2010) "Can an opportunity to learn at work reduce stress?: A revisitation of the job demand-control model", Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 22 Iss: 3, pp.166 - 179|
|Keywords:||Individual development, Italy, Stress, Workplace learning|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/13665621011028611 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||Data collection was made possible thanks to the Italian Justice Bureau, namely the Director-General for HR & Training, and the Department of Organisation, Personnel & Services (II Bureau for Training).|
Purpose – This paper aims to extend the stress-buffering hypothesis of the demand-control model. In addition to the control variable, it seeks to analyse the role of an opportunity for learning and development (L&D) in the workplace as a moderator variable between increased demands and need for recovery.
Design/methodology/approach – A questionnaire was administered to 199 employees (middle managers and clerical workers) at the district court of a region in North Italy during a period of training activities on stress management.
Findings – The results show that control and personal development perform a moderating role in the relationship between workload and the need for recovery by reducing exhaustion.
Research limitations/implications – The first limitation concerns the cross-sectional design of the study, which does not make it possible to establish the direction of the causal relations hypothesised. Moreover, further research will be necessary to identify organisational strategies able to develop the personal competence of workers and manage learning at work.
Practical implications – The understanding of the importance of learning at work has practical implications for strategies of human resources management. Organisations that encourage personal learning by workers at the same time modify themselves, so that they become better able to adapt to changes and external demands.
Originality/value – The paper shows that the importance attributed to learning opportunities has a role in promoting work satisfaction and, specifically, in enhancing the quality of work life.
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