Previously published as: Environmental Management and Health
Online from: 2003
Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment
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|Title:||Traditional Maori horticultural and ethnopedological praxis in the New Zealand landscape|
|Author(s):||Nick Roskruge, (Institute of Natural Resources, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand)|
|Citation:||Nick Roskruge, (2011) "Traditional Maori horticultural and ethnopedological praxis in the New Zealand landscape", Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 22 Iss: 2, pp.200 - 212|
|Keywords:||Ethnic groups, Horticulture, New Zealand, Physical planning, Soil conservation|
|Article type:||General review|
|DOI:||10.1108/14777831111113383 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of traditional Maori horticultural and ethnopedological practices in New Zealand whereby an inclusive “whole of landscape” approach known as “
Design/methodology/approach – A review of the traditional knowledge and practices around Maori horticulture and pedology was undertaken through interviews within Maori communities, including practitioners of this knowledge, and a literature review.
Findings – Traditional Maori practices contribute to a cultural management tool known as
Research limitations/implications – Traditional Maori knowledge is primarily transmitted orally and retained within the community itself. Through colonisation this knowledge has been marginalised and is now retained by only a few experts across tribal regions. There is considerably more knowledge still held within communities, especially relative to the practical application of
Practical implications – Through political processes of the previous 170 years in New Zealand, Maori horticulturists are now restricted to pockets of lands in a discontinuous landscape over which they have a limited involvement. Urbanisation of the Maori community and ongoing marginalisation of traditional knowledge have further exasperated customary land and resource management approaches. Recent legislation includes reference to some traditional practices; however, there is limited statutory obligation on resource managers to practically apply them.
Originality/value – The specialist traditional knowledge aligned to horticulture and pedology has been relegated to only a few practitioners. None-the-less Maori continue to manage their crops with a wider, localised understanding of the landscape and of how decisions are likely to impinge on other sites within their traditional boundaries, drawn from the traditional knowledge of their forebears.
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